History of Positano
This territory was already inhabited during Palaeolithic age. According to a legend Positano was founded by Poseidon, the god of the sea, who was in love with a nymph, Pasitea. Greek and Phoenician people lived there. Positano has a Roman origin, inhabitants coming from Paestum and escaping from barbarian invasions founded it.
After the fall of the Roman Empire, Positano entered the Sea Republic of Amalfi and lived a very prosperous period thanks to maritime commerce. In the second half of XI century, Normans conquered Positano and a period of decadence started. In 1492 it passed to Giovanni Miroballo and then to Mastrogiudice and Cossa families. During XVI and XVII centuries commerce developed towards Middle East.
In XVIII century, many villas were built. After the Unity of Italy, many inhabitants emigrated to look for new possibilities to work. Many foreign artists and writers (from Russia and Germany, for example) spent their time in Positano and brought its beauty and its charm all over the world.